The energy that is emitted from a specific source and moves through space or different materials is called radiation. It is an important part of our lives on earth, they usually come from the natural minerals that the earth is filled with. These factors are classified based on the effects that are caused, these are ionizing radiation and non-ionized radiation. The ionizing radiation includes the radiation that is emitted from x-rays Cosmic rays and other sources containing radioactive materials. On the other hand, non-ionizing radiation is the type that is associated with infrared rays, microwaves, and heat. Fortunately, there are very rare occasions that people are exposed to radiation sources. Even though this phenomenon rarely occurs, it does not mean we should not be prepared beforehand. Radiation protection is highly important and crucial in our lives. Especially for astronauts, physicians, and other people working in the nuclear industry.
Importance of radiation protection:
Radiation Protection helps people dodge the harmful effects that may take place if one is unfortunately exposed to radiation by the possibility of reducing cancer or any other form of genetic effect on the exposed person. There are two ways in which a person can get affected, either internal or external exposure. To protect yourself from any radiation exposure, it is highly significant that you learn the principles of radiation protection which include time distance and shielding. Whenever you may encounter yourself in such an emergency, this principle will help you protect yourself as well as everyone around you.
Time is a very crucial principle of radiation protection. If you ever face an unfortunate situation or someone else you know is exposed to the external source of radiation. The first thing that you should do to protect yourself on cam is by getting as far away as possible from the source of radiation. With this, the exposure time will be cut down, and hence, the harmful effects of exposure can also be minimized. Furthermore, the professional shields can also help you stay safe in a more prolonged time, in case you cannot get away from the radiation source.
This principle is closely related to the first one. The exposed individual must get away as far as they can from the source. For instance, the closer you are to the fire the hotter it gets, and the chances of being burned also increase significantly. The further away you are from the source of radiation, the fewer the chances it has from affecting you.
Shielding is the final principle of radiation protection. This third principle works even when the first two principles fail to be carried out. Many materials can protect you from radiation sources such as concrete lead or sometimes even water.
Experts have proven that the best source of radiation protection is lead radiation shield protection. Lead is considered to be the most resistant shield type, from all types of radiation especially gamma radiation. In the modern-day, it is created with an exoskeleton design for easy movement due to its lightweight.